HI, everyone have u ever gone into your garden and grab a honey bee or bee and squeeze it ? Probably never , right ?
Then you probably don’t know the pain caused by the string of HONEY BEES
Well sir, Becky Griffin is a certified bee keeper and a Apiculturist (a art of cultivating honey from hives) in Cherokee and he teaches people how to cultivate honey form honey bees through API-CULTURE
Ones again hi everyone, it’s Abdul Mateen with our further delay let’s enter into the topic
DO you know there are 7 types of species and more than 2000 varieties of sub species of bees found around the world .In which some of them are not yet classified and research is still going on …… Hmm Interesting !!!
Here a Question ,what is the kind of honey bees that we are often seeing in our surroundings ? and whats is it’s name ?
Generally the honey bees that we see often is western honey bees whose scientific name is APIS MELLIFERA …..CONFUSING WASN’T IT ?
let me to solve your confusion and let’s start to know various types of honey bees
7 VERITIES OF HONEY BEES
THE 7 VERITIES OF HONEY BEES ARE
1. APIS MELLIFERA
2. APIS CERENA
3. APIS DORSATA
4. APIS FLOREA
5. APIS ANDERNIFORMIS
6. APIS KOSCHEVNIKOVI
7. APIS NIGRICINCTA
1. Apis Mellifera ( The western Honey Bee ) :
This are a kind of the bees we often see , generally they are imported to all the continents to pollinate agricultural crops , these can be easily identified by here looks
If we look closely we will found that they have pollen attached to there legs generally it was the pollen of the flower that they recently visit which helps in pollination
Do you know why you often see them ?
Because the will fly more than 4-5 km to find there need from there hives. Mostly they are found to live in artificial hives which were made by humans for cultivation of honey
These are the social friendly species who usually don’t hurt any one any one probably because they don’t have any string
If u wanna get rid of them if they form a hive in your garden or at your house just kept smoke under the hive and hide in a safe later on remove the hive and then the won’t come back
Well the Apis Mellifera has a large number of verities in which 26 sub verities are still exist in them western honey bee is the most popular
2. Apis Cerena ( Eastern honey bees)
Unlike western honey bees these are mostly found in eastern side of the globe such as Asia so , it was also known as Asian honey bees
Well we can find the Asian honey bee through the following information
The Asian Honey Bees have long erected hairs at the top of there compound eyes which help them in collecting pollen grains strongly convex shelled scutellum and a curve lobe in there hand wings.
A normal matured asian honey bee are black in color with 4-5 yellow trips on abdomen.
We can even differ among them serfs as worker ,queen,drones with some miner changes in there physical appearance like having hind legs to carry pollen to workers ,sexual parts to drones and queen can b determined by its size probably biggest in the hive
These bees are famous for making compound hive because of there sizes
These are also social friendly and cause no harm to people. if u wanna get rid of them use similar method used in case of western honey bees.
They produce lesser among of honey in a season but that honey is very costly and have many benefits
3. APIS DORSATA (THE GAINT HONEY BEE) :
Apis dorsata (rock bees )
These are big and strong bees nearly 16.5-20 mm (0.65-0.8 in) .They usually make only one but very large comb and they were seen on very big trees and rocks mostly away from the ground
These are mostly found in the forest of Terai and Nepal and also known as Indian giant Honey Bee
Well earlier these honey bees were seen in a larger number on very big trees but now those trees have been cut down and in their place we have planted rubber, coconut and some economical trees
These bees are not cultivatable and they produce more amount of honey in season which is nearly 45-50 kilo grams of honey
Because of their aggressive nature the experts collect there honey at night times by using smoke and it is prose less in market
They are probably aggressive in nature .They have very big and a little bit soft string
They mostly attack people and animals if they are disturbed and even chase them for a long distance
As I first mentioned the honey bees won’t attack you unless you disturb them
4. APIS FLOREA (The Dwarf Honey Bees ) :
APIS FLOREA is called as the dwarf Honey bees because of their small size probably these are the smallest compared to the remaining species.
A worker of dwarf Honey Bees is nearly 7-10 mm long in body length and has red-brown color all around the body
It has much wider distribution than apis andreniformis which is a sister to this Honey bee (looks similar)
The dwarf Honey Bees are often found in dry-hot areas and they only make a comb in a small and pony bushes
These are not cultivable and honey production is very less nearly half kilo per season and the rate of the honey is very high in the market a very effortful in medication
If u find any of these kind of Honey bees don’t try to get rid of them, follow them and find their hives and by the help of experts get there honey
Be careful these honey bees are very famous for its defense like piping in nose etc.
As they make only one comb probably the small one most of the workers are wandering around the comb for its defense and there honey is very tasty….
5. APIS ANDERNIFORMIS: (The Black Dwarf Honey Bees)
Do you know the black dwarf bee’s nest also is in black color?… hmm interesting right ?…
The black dwarf Honey Bees are the darkest bees in entire bees family, they have no other color on it just dark black coloring. Until recent appeal,it was thought that the black dwarf Honey Bees was a part of Apis Florea (The Little Honey Bees)
The black dwarf Honey Bees make there comb in the darker areas probably where there is approximately 20- 25 % of sun light falls
At a recent study the zoologists find a morphological difference between the black Dwarf honey bees and the little Honey Bees as it was found recently it has no larger data on the species
After that The Black Dwarf Honeybees has determined as the fifth species of the Honey Bees Classification
The remaining are mentioned as same that of the Little Honey bee (APIS FLOREA)
6. APIS KOSCHEVNIKOVI ( THE KOSCHEVNIKOV’S HONEY BEES):
TheKoschevnikov’s Honey bees are also known as “The red bee of Sabah”
Mostly the Koschevnikov’s honey bees are found in two colors
- Pale reddish in Sabah state , Borneo, Malaysia
- Dark coppery color in Malay peninsula and Sumatra Indonesia
The worker, the Queen and Drones of the Koschevnikov’s Honey bees all are in dark brown banded, the worker have light orange color on abdomen as bands and the Queen and Drones have light brown color on abdomen
The Koschevnikov’s Honey bees has very long tongue around 5.870mm and slender with narrow tomenta
The Koschevnikov’s Honey bee is larger than APIS CERANA (ASIAN HONEY BEE )
The Koschevnikov’s Honey bees have a very interesting factor :
The drones (male Honey Bees) of the Koschevnikov’s Honey bees have specific mating time (where other species mate in any time). Even if they are or they are not in conspecific or other species colony . The drones will fly to the queen at the specific time and start mating and the Queen also follow that specific time
These are social friendly and don’t harm the other animals unless they disturb them
7. APIS NIGROCINCTA (THE HONEY BEE FROM PHILIPPINES) :
THE Apis Nigrocincta Honey Bees are found in Philippines and Indonesia, these are small nearly 5.5-5.9 mm
THE Apis Nigrocincta Honey Bees make their nests in cavities such as holes in trunks caves or human structures, usually near the ground
As they make very small hives it is easy for them to transport and to adjust to various atmospheres
There is a little information about Biogeography of the THE Apis Nigrocincta Honey Bees that they only found in parts of Philippines and Indonesia
Well these species had been recognized recently and nearby confused by A P I S ,due to its resent discovery , there is still not much collected data about the species